SAN FRANCISCO—A few years ago, Donald Trump was a young, successful real estate developer in California’s Bay Area, a hotbed of economic growth.
His business partner was a billionaire tech investor, and they’d built an empire in a short period of time.
Now, two years after his election, Mr. Trump is facing the possibility of losing his White House.
His political opponents, meanwhile, are trying to take his place as the country’s chief executive.
The stakes for both sides are high.
Mr. White House hopes to maintain its reputation as a leader in international trade, a global power, and a champion of women and minorities in politics.
The White House is already struggling to attract the young, charismatic, ambitious and outspoken Mr. Bannon, who has won praise from the president-elect for his strong social media presence and controversial rhetoric on immigration.
Mr, Bannon, a former Breitbart News chairman, has been hired to lead the new White House team.
But the new president’s biggest political problem may be that he lacks a central leadership team that can put together a coherent policy agenda, according to people familiar with the matter.
“The Trump team is still very much a work in progress,” said one former senior White House official.
The challenge will come as the administration tries to navigate the fallout from the election and a series of controversies.
One of the most significant controversies of the past year was Mr. Spicer’s refusal to resign, which led to the firing of two top aides, Steve Bannon and Anthony Scaramucci.
But Mr. Scaramuzzi’s removal followed a complaint that he was a leaker of classified information and that the president had retaliated against him by firing him.
Mr Scaramuci, who had been an adviser to Mr. Pence and the vice president, resigned after a New York Times report that he had lied about being paid for an appearance at Mr. Priebus’s inauguration.
Mr Trump’s team also has struggled to get the Republican-controlled Congress to pass a $1 trillion infrastructure package, which many Democrats had urged for months.
It was a sticking point for the Trump team during a meeting in the Oval Office last week with House Speaker Paul Ryan, who also is a Republican.
He called for bipartisan support for the package, but it was ultimately rejected.
“This is a very complex, difficult, politically difficult process,” Mr. Ryan told the president, according for The Associated Press.
Mr Bannon, Mr Trump said, had told him to “keep the pressure up” on the Democrats.
Mr White House said it would be working with the congressional delegation to work on a bipartisan solution.
“There’s no question that a lot of Democrats are looking at a lot more of what we’re doing on the infrastructure,” White House spokesman Sean Spicer said in an interview.
“It’s going to take time to get that done.”
Republicans also are trying, but failing, to pass legislation that would expand tax relief for homeowners and other wealthy Americans.
The Trump administration has also struggled to win the approval of Democrats in Congress.
In the last year, Mr White house has pushed back against criticism that it has not fulfilled its promise to overhaul Obamacare, saying that it would eventually unveil a replacement plan.
Democrats also have complained that the Trump administration is not delivering on key promises, including to rein in rising drug prices, improve mental health care, and reduce the number of refugees entering the country.
Some Republicans are wary of giving Mr. Pruitt a top White House job, saying he is a hard-liner on environmental issues.
“I think it’s a big problem that the environment doesn’t get the respect it deserves,” Mr Pence said in a news conference last week, according NBC News.
Mr Pruitt, a lawyer who served in the Reagan administration and was an energy adviser to former President Bill Clinton, has pushed for stricter regulations on greenhouse gases, while supporting the Keystone XL pipeline.
His first act in the job will be to work with lawmakers on a $30 billion federal stimulus bill, a measure that is expected to pass the House.
Mr Pence, who is also expected to announce his pick for Treasury secretary, has said he would work to improve environmental policies.
Democrats are trying again to expand a program that pays people who work in the coal, oil and gas industry to stay in their homes, while also making it easier for companies to avoid layoffs.
The Obama administration expanded the program, which helped workers with health insurance and retirees with Social Security and Medicare get out of their homes.
Democrats have accused Mr Trump of wanting to expand the program.
“He wants to give big government more power,” Rep. Rosa DeLauro, Democrat of Connecticut, said in the interview.
She called Mr Trump a “warlord” and said he wanted to “take everything away from people.”
“I don’t think this administration is capable of doing anything that would make people’s lives better,” she added.
“And I think that the White House has to step